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How to make organic manure compost at home?

If you love gardening and nurturing your plants, try making homemade manure to help them grow more effectively. Making organic manure compost at home is a great way to recycle kitchen scraps and yard waste while enriching your garden soil. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

Materials Needed:

  • Green materials: Fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, fresh grass clippings, and plant trimmings.
  • Brown materials: Dry leaves, straw, cardboard, newspaper, and small branches.
  • Water: To keep the compost moist.
  • Compost bin or pile: A designated area or container for composting.

Steps to Make Organic Manure Compost:

  1. Choose a Composting Site:
  • Select a well-drained spot in your yard that is easily accessible.
  • You can use a compost bin, build a simple enclosure, or designate an open pile.
  1. Layering:
  • Start with a layer of coarse brown materials, like small branches, to create airflow at the bottom.
  • Alternate layers of green and brown materials. Aim for a ratio of about 2:1 browns to greens.
  • Each green layer should be covered with a brown layer to balance moisture and carbon content.
  1. Add Water:
  • Moisten each layer as you build the pile. The compost should be as damp as a wrung-out sponge.
  • Avoid over-watering, which can lead to anaerobic conditions and bad odors.
  1. Turn the Pile:
  • Regularly mix or turn the compost pile to aerate it and speed up the decomposition process.
  • Turning every 1-2 weeks is ideal, but even monthly will work.
  1. Monitor Temperature:
  • The compost should heat up, indicating microbial activity. A hot pile (140-160°F or 60-70°C) is a sign of active decomposition.
  • If the pile cools down, turn it to reintroduce oxygen and mix in fresh materials if needed.
  1. Maintain Moisture:
  • Check the moisture level regularly. Add water if the pile is too dry or add more browns if it’s too wet.
  1. Wait for Decomposition:
  • Composting can take anywhere from a few months to a year, depending on the materials and conditions.
  • The compost is ready when it’s dark, crumbly, and has an earthy smell. The original materials should no longer be recognizable.
  1. Harvest the Compost:
  • Sift the compost to remove any large or undecomposed pieces, which can go back into the pile.
  • Use the finished compost in your garden beds, as a top dressing for plants, or mix it into potting soil.

Tips for Successful Composting:

  • Avoid adding meat, dairy, and oily foods as they can attract pests and create odors.
  • Chop larger materials into smaller pieces to speed up decomposition.
  • Maintain a balance between green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) materials to prevent issues with smell and decomposition rates.
  • If your compost smells bad, it might be too wet or lack oxygen. Turn it and add more browns.
  • If your compost isn’t decomposing, it might be too dry or need more greens. Add water and green materials accordingly.

Create rich, organic manure compost that will enhance your garden soil and promote healthy plant growth. Making organic compost manure allows you to recycle waste, save money on fertilizers, and ensure a safe, natural product for your garden.